b c One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Wiley, Edwin (1920). 102 The library opened to the public in 1692, under the administration of Abbé Louvois, Minister Louvois's son. Chief among the libraries destroyed by the Mongol hordes was that of the Shia Ismaili Muslim community who occupied a network of mountain fortresses lead from the castle of Alamut beginning from the end of the eleventh century to about 1256. Sir George Grierson, in the Linguistic Survey of India, assigns no distinct place to Urdu, but treats it as an offshoot of Western Hindi. Private or personal libraries made up of written books (as opposed to the state or institutional records kept in archives) appeared in classical Greece in the 5th century. Travelling libraries, such as the early horseback libraries of eastern Kentucky 121 and bookmobiles, are generally of the lending type. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
"The librarian as secular minister to democracy: The life and ideas of John Cotton Dana". 13 According to legend, mythical philosopher Laozi was keeper of books in the earliest library in China, which belonged to the Imperial Zhou dynasty. Al-Maqrizi (d.845/1442) describes how great hills of ashes were formed when the slaves and maids of the Luwata Berber tribe burned the Fatimid books. Retrieved on Celano,., Neumann,. The rooms were furnished with carpets".